Document Type : Research paper


1 Horticulture Crops Research Department, Hormozgan Agricultural and Natural Resources Research and Education Center, Agricultural Research Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Bandar Abbas, Iran

2 Assistant Professor of Seed and Plant Improvement Institute, Agricultural Research Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Karaj, Iran

3 Horticultural Research Group, Research and Education center of Agricultural and Natural Resources of South of Kerman, Agricultural Research Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Jiroft, Iran



Eggplant has high variation in the world and there are many landraces of the eggplant in Iran. In the previous studies, five landraces of Minab’s eggplant have been collected from the main production regions with the aim to select the pure lines, consequently 15 superior genotypes were selected from these landraces and their stability and compatibility were analyzed. In the present study, 15 eggplant genotypes together with two superior mother landraces were studied for the two successive years in the three regions of Iran including Minab, Karaj, and Jiroft. Based on the results of the means comparison of yield in the studied lines in each region from average of two years, GHE12 line in Minab region, SA13 line in Jiroft region, and AM4, SA15, and SA5 lines in Karaj region had acceptable yield than the other studied lines. According to the results of general compatibility and stability analysis, the three genotypes of Y7, AM7 and SA15 were recognized as the most stable genotypes with having the least interaction; therefore, they categorized as the first ranking of stability. According to the results of special compatibility and stability analysis, AM7, Y7 and GHE12 lines for Minab region; AM5 and SA5 lines for Jiroft region and SA5 and AM4 lines for the Karaj region can be recommended.


Albert M.J.A. 2004. A comparison of statistical methods to describe genotype × environment interaction and yield stability in multi-location maize trials. M.Sc. Thesis, Department of Plant Science, the University of the Free State, Bloemfontein, 96 p.
Andrus C.F. 1963. Plant breeding system. Euphytica, 12 (205).
Ansari Maleki Y, Jaafarzadeh J, Vaezi B, Hosseinpoir T, Ghasemi M. 2009. Study on adaptability and grain yield stability of barley genotypes in warm rain-fed areas. Journal of Seed and Plant Breeding 25-1(2), 297-313. (In Persian)
Bagheri M, Amoli N, Rohani S. 2012. The pure line selection from Iranian eggplant landrace germplasm. International Journal of Agricultural and Crop Science 21(4), 1607-1613.
Bagheri M, Keshavarz S, Kakhki A. 2016. Evaluation of selected lines from eggplant (Solanum melongena L.) landraces. Journal of Seed and Plant Breeding 32-1(2), 165-180. (In Persian)
Bigonah Hamlabadi H. 2012. Yield stability of promising lines of winter and facultative wheat in different climate of Iran. African Journal of Agricultural Research 7(15), 2304-2311.
Crossa J. 1990. Statistical analysis of multiplications trials. Advance Agronomy 44, 55-85.
Damavandi-Kamali S, Babaeian Jelodar N, Aalishah A. 2011. Evaluation of stability and compatibility of the yield of cotton varieties based on one-variable parametric and non-parametric methods and AMMI model. Iranian Journal of Crops Sciences 42(2), 397-407. (In Persian)
Ehdaei B. 1995. Plant breeding. Barsava Publication, Mashhad. (In Persian)
Farshadfar A. 1998. Quantitative genetic application in plant breeding. 1st Edition. Taghbostan Publications. (In Persian)
Gauch H.G, Zobel R.W. 1997. Identifying mega-environments and targeting genotypes. Crop Science 31, 311-326.
Gauch H.G. 1992. Statistical analysis of regional yield trials: AMMI analysis of factorial designs. Available
Gauch H.G. 2006. Statistical analysis of yield trials by AMMI and GGE. Crop Science 46, 1488-1500.
Gholizadegan A, Seifi A. 2020. Screening some Iranian Muskmelon Landraces for Resistance Against Fusarium Wilt Disease using Molecular Markers. International Journal of Horticultural Science and Technology 7(3), 227-233.
Gramazio P, Chatziefstratiou E, Petropoulos C, Chioti V, Mylona P, Kapotis G, Vilanova S, Prohens J, Papasotiropoulos V. 2019. Multi-level characterization of eggplant accessions from Greek islands and the mainland contributes to the enhancement and conservation of this germplasm and reveals a large diversity and signatures of differentiation between both origins. Agronomy 9(887), 1-20.
Hanson P.M, Sitathani K, Sadashiva A.T, Yang R.Y. 2007. Performance of Solanum habrochaites LA1777 introgression line hybrids for marketable tomato fruit yield in Asia. Euphytica 158, 167-178.
Hashemi A, Nematzadeh G.A, Oladi M, Afkhami Ghadi A, Gholizadeh Ghara A. 2018. Study of rapeseed (Brassica napus) promising genotypes adaptation in different regions of Mazandaran. Journal of Crop Breeding 10(28), 119-124. (In Persian)
Hassanzadeh Khankahdani H. 2016. Selection of superior lines from eggplant landraces of Minab, Hormozgan, Iran. Final Report of Research Project, Seed and Plant Institute, AREEO, 30 p. (In Persian)
International Board for Plant Genetic Resource. 1985. IBPGR Annual report. IBPGR, Rome, 27.
Kalloo G. 1988. Vegetable breeding. CRC Press, Inc, USA, 587-598.
Keshavarz S. 2018. Study the compatibility and stability of the advanced lines of Iranian native pepper in various climates. Final Report of Research Project, Seed and Plant Institute, 50 p. (In Persian)
Koocheki A.R, Sorkhi B, Eslamzadeh Hesari M.R. 2012. Study on stability of elite barley (Hordeum vulgar L.) genotypes for cold regions of Iran using AMMI method. Cereal Research 2(4), 249-261. (In Persian)
Kumar S.R, Arumugam T, Ulaganathan V. 2016. Genetic diversity in eggplant germplasm by principal component analysis. SABRAO Journal of Breeding and Genetics 48(2), 162-171.
Manzano S, Navarro P, Martínez C, Megías Z.M, Rebolloso M.M, Jamilena M. 2015. Evaluation of fruit quality in tomato landraces under organic greenhouse conditions. In Proceeding of II International Symposium on Horticulture in Europe, Acta Horticulturae, 1099, ISHS. pp. 645-652.
Missio J.C, Rivera A, Figàs M.R, Casanova C, Camí B, Soler S, Simó J. 2018. A comparison of landraces vs. modern varieties of lettuce in organic farming during the winter in the Mediterranean area: an approach considering the viewpoints of breeders, consumers, and farmers. Frontiers in Plant Science 9(1491), 1-15.  
Mohanty B.K. 1999. Genetic variability, character association and path analysis in brinjal. Progressive Horticulture 31(12), 23-28.
Negi A.C, Baswand K.S, Avtar S, Sanwal S.K, Batra B.R, Singh A. 2000. Studies on genetic variability and heritability in brinjal (Solanum melongena L.) under high temperature conditions. Journal of Horticultural Sciences 29(34), 205-206.
Oluoch M.O, Chadha M.L. 2007. Evaluation of African eggplant for yield and quality characteristics. Acta Horticulture 752-51, 303-306.
Park H.M. 2006. Univariate analysis and normality test using SAS, STATA, and SPSS. The Trustees of Indiana University, 38 p.
Plazas M, López-Gresa M.P, Vilanova S, Torres C, Hurtado M, Gramazio P, Andújar I, Herráiz F.J, Bellés J.M, Prohens J. 2013. Diversity and relationships in key traits for functional and apparent quality in a collection eggplant: fruit phenolics content, antioxidant activity, polyphenol oxidase activity, and browning. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 61, 8871-8879.
Prohens J, Rodríguez-Burruezo A, Raigón M, Nuez F. 2007. Total phenolic concentration and browning susceptibility in a collection of different varietal types and hybrids of eggplant: Implications for breeding for higher nutritional quality and reduced browning. Journal of American Society of Horticultural Science 132(5), 638-646.
Ram H.H. 2006. Vegetable breeding, principles and practices. Oscar Publication, 188.
Ranil R.H.G, Prohens J, Aubriot X, Niran HML, Plazas M, Fonseka RM, Vilanova S, Fonseka HH, Gramazio P, Knapp S. 2017. Solanum insanum L. (subgenus Leptostemonum Bitter, Solanaceae), the neglected wild progenitor of eggplant (S. melongena L.): a review of taxonomy, characteristics and uses aimed at its enhancement for improved eggplant breeding. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution 64, 1707-1722.
Rodríguez-Burruezo A, Prohens J, Nuez F. 2008. Performance of hybrids between local varieties of eggplant (Solanum melongena) and its relation to the mean of parents and to morphological and genetic distances among parents. European Journal of Horticultural Science 73(2), 76-83.
Sadeghi S.M, Samizadeh H. 2011. Evaluation of yield stability of Virginia tobacco hybrids using stability parameters and pattern analysis via AMMI model. Electronic Journal of Crop Production 4(2), 103-119. (In Persian)
Sadeghzadeh B, Mohammadi R, Ahmadi H, Abedi Asl G, Ahmadi M, Mohammadfam M, Bahrami N, Khaledian M, Naseri A. 2018. Assessment of stability and compatibility the seed yield of durum wheat lines under non-irrigated conditions using GGE biplot and AMMI model. Environmental Stresses in Crop Sciences 11(2), 241-260. (In Persian)
Sekara A, Cebula S, Kunicki E. 2007. Cultivated eggplants-origin, breeding objectives and genetic resources, a review. Folia Horticulturae 19, 97-114.
Shadpour S, Peyghambari S.A, Mohammadi A, Shoaie Deylami M, Jahromi M.H.M, Mahdavi R. 2010. Study of genotype × environment interaction and yield stability of tobacco genotypes using AMMI and Tai analysis. Journal of Crops Breeding 2(5), 78-90.
Shoorideh H, Peighambari S.A, Omidi M, Naghavi M.R, Maroufi A. 2016. Assessing potential of Iranian Chicory genotypes for industrial application. International Journal of Horticultural Science and Technology 3(1), 59-68.
Soltan Mohamadi S, Peyghambri S.A, Babaei H.R. 2017. Study the adaptability and yield sustainability of soybean genotypes in four regions of Iran. Iranian Journal of Crop Sciences 48(2), 389-397. (In Persian).
Sousaraei N, Mashayekhi K, Mousavizadeh S.J, Akbarpour V, Medina J, Aliniaeifard S. 2021. Screening of tomato landraces for drought tolerance based on growth and chlorophyll fluorescence analyses. Horticulture, Environment, and Biotechnology 62, 521-535.
Taher D, Solberg S, Prohens J, Chou Y, Rakha M, Wu T. 2017. World vegetable center eggplant collection: origin, composition, seed dissemination and utilization in breeding. Frontiers in Plant Science 8(1484), 1-12.
Tembe K.O, Chemining’wa G, Ambuko J, Owino W. 2018. Evaluation of African tomato landraces (Solanum lycopersicum) based on morphological and horticultural traits. Agriculture and Natural Resources 52, 536-542.
Vojdani P. 1993. The role of gene bank and plant genetic material in increasing crop yields. In proceeding of the first Congress of Agriculture and Plant Breeding, Karaj, Iran, p. 287-292. (In Persian)
Yan W, Kang M.S. 2003. GGE biplot analysis: A graphical tool for breeders, geneticists and agronomists. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL.
Yazdi-Samadi B, Rezaei A, Valizadeh M. 1998. Statistical design in agricultural research. Tehran University Press. (In Persian)