Document Type : Research paper

Authors

1 Department of Horticultural Science, Yasooj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Yasooj, Iran

2 Horticulture Crops Research Department, Fars Agricultural Research and Natural Resource and Education Center, AREEO, Shiraz, Iran

3 Seed and Plant Improvement Department, Fars Agricultural and Natural Resources Research Center, AREEO, Darab, Iran

4 Seed and Plant Improvement Department, Fars Agricultural and Natural Resources Research Center, AREEO, Darab, Iran.

5 Department of Chemistry, Yasooj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Yasooj, Iran.

Abstract

Due to the development of garlic cultivation, quantitative and qualitative evaluations of garlic ecotypes in different regions are important for breeding purposes. In this study, some vegetative and phytochemical traits of eight Iranian garlic ecotypes were assayed in a RCBD with three replications at Darab Agricultural Research Station, Iran during 2017-2018 growing season. The results showed that there is a significant difference among garlic ecotypes in terms of studied traits (P <0.01). In general, Tarom and Tafresh ecotypes showed the highest plant height, number of leaves, length of garlic leaves, leaf width, fresh weight, dry weight and the highest bulb diameter. Highest dry weight of garlic bulb (g) per plant was obtained in Darab (79.0 g), Tarom (75.5 g), and Talesh (75.0 g) ecotypes, with no significant difference among them (P ≥ 0.01). Hamedan and Kerman ecotypes contained higher allicin content, alliin content, TPC, TFC, and TAC than the other ecotypes. Cluster analysis divided ecotypes into three distinct groups. Talesh and Hamedan ecotypes had the lowest similarity (0.34) and Darab and Tafresh ecotypes had the highest similarity (0.97). It can be concluded that Tarom, Tafresh, Hamedan, and Kerman can be recommended for cultivation depending on the quantitative (Tarom and Tafresh) and qualitative (Hamedan and Kerman) goals of cultivation

Keywords

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