Different Ripening Indices and Quality Attributes of Different Groups of Cucumis melo

Document Type: Research paper


Department of Horticultural Sciences, College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Karaj, Iran


Six Iranian accessions of Cucumis melo, including Inodorus, Cantalupensis, and Dudaim groups, were planted and then harvested at two harvesting stages including 21 and 28 days after anthesis for Dudaim group and 28 and 38 days after anthesis for Inodorus and Cantalupensis groups. At the time of harvest, we measured some quality parameters and appearance indices of fruits, such as the number of strips on surface, tendril condition, peduncle condition, presence or absence of the abscission zone formed around the peduncle, netting, presence of trichomes, and force needed to detach the fruit from the plant. Results showed that the best ripening indices for Inodorus, Cantalupensis, and Dudaim groups were not the same. Contrary to Samsouri and lately harvested Khatouni accessions, there were not any abscission zone in Dudaim fruits. In most of the treatments, tendril was yellow or dry in lately harvested fruits opposite to green in tendrils in early harvested fruits. Peduncles were green in all treatments and the force needed to detach the fruit from the plant in most treatments was the highest degree (score 3). Lately harvested fruits had more advanced levels of color, TSS, and firmness than early harvested ones. Generally, the best ripening indices for melon fruits corresponding to each accession were different.


Beaulieu J.C. and V.A. Lancaster. 2007. Correlating volatile compounds, sensory attributes, and quality parameters in stored fresh-cut cantaloupe. J. Agr. Food Chem. 55:9503–9513.

Beaulieu, J.C. 2006. Volatile changes in cantaloupe during growth, maturation and in stored fresh-cuts prepared from fruit harvested at various maturities. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 131:127–139.

Beaulieu, J.C., D.A. Ingram, J.M. Lea, and K.L. Bett-Garber. 2004. Effect of harvest maturity on the sensory characteristics of fresh-cut cantaloupe. J. Food Sci. 69:250–258.

Beaulieu, J.C., Z. Peralta-Inga, J.M. Lea, and G. Eggleston. 2003. Sugar and organic acid variations in commercial cantaloupes and their inbred parental lines. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 128:531–536.

Bertelsen, D., J. Harwood, F. Hoff, H. Lee, A. Perez, S. Pollack, and A. Somwaru. 1994. Honeydew: An Economic Assessment of the Feasibility of Providing Multiple-Peril Crop Insurance. Washington, DC: USDA Economic Research Service. 54 p.

Bianco, V.V. and H.K. Pratt. 1977. Compositional changes in muskmelon during development and in response to ethylene treatment. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 102:127–33.

Chaparro-Torres, L.A., M.C. Bueso, and J.P. Fernández-Trujillo. 2016. Aroma volatiles at harvest obtained by HSSPME/GC-MS and INDEX/MS-E-nose fingerprint discriminate climacteric behavior in melon fruit. J. Sci. Food Agr. 96:2352-2365.

Ezura, H. and W.O. Owino. 2008. Melon, an alternative model plant for elucidating fruit ripening. Plant Sci. 175:121–129.

Flores, F., M. Ben-Amor, B. Jones, J.C. Pech, M. Bouzayen, A. Latche, and F. Romojaro. 2001a. The use of ethylene-suppressed lines to assess differential sensitivity to ethylene of the various ripening pathways in Cantaloupe melons. Physiol. Plantarum. 113:128–133.

Flores, F.B., M.C. Martinez-Madrid, F.J. Sanchez-Hidalgo, and F. Romojaro. 2001b. Differential rind and pulp ripening of transgenic antisense ACC oxidase melon. Plant Physiol. Biochem. 39:37–43.

Guler, Z., F. Karaca, and H. Yetisir. 2013. Volatile compounds and sensory properties in various melons, which were chosen from different species and different locations, grown in turkey. Int. J. Food Prop. 16:168–179.

MahmudaKhanom, M., Y. Ueda, and M. Ishimaru. 2003. Relationship between Volatiles and Other Factors Indicating Quality of Melon (Cucumis melo L. cv. Prince Melon) during Fruit Development and Storage. Sci. Rep. Grag. Sch. Agr. Biol. Sci., Osaka Pref. Univ. 55:7-14

Motes, J., W. Roberts, J. Edelson, J. Damicone, and J. Duthie. 2007. Cantaloupe production. http://pods.dasnr.okstate.edu/docushare/dsweb/Get/Document-1405/HLA-6237web.pdf.

Nunez-Palenius, H.G., D.J. Huber, H.J. Klee, and D.J. Cantliffe. 2007. Fruit ripening characteristics in a transgenic ‘Galia’ male parental muskmelon (Cucumis melo L. var. reticulatus Ser.) line. Postharvest Biol. Technol. 44:95–100.

Obando-Ulloa, J.M., E. Moreno, J. Garc─▒a-Mas, B. Nicolai, J. Lammertyn, A.J. Monforte, and J.P. Fernandez-Trujillo. 2008. Climacteric or non-climacteric behavior in melon fruit 1. Aroma volatiles. Postharvest Biol. Technol. 49:27–37.

Orzolek, M.D., S.M. Bogash, L.F. Kime, and J.K. Harper. 2006. Cantaloupe Production. College Park: Penn State University and the US Agr. Extension Service. p 1–6.

Paris, H.S., Z. Amar, and E. Lev. 2012. Medieval History of the Duda’im Melon (Cucumismelo, Cucurbitaceae). Econ. Bot. 66:276–284.

Perkins-Veazie, P., J.C. Beaulieu, and M. Siddiq. 2012. Watermelon, Cantaloupe and Honeydew. In: M. Siddiq (ed.), Tropical and Subtropical Fruits: Postharvest Physiology, Processing and Packaging. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., pp. 549-568.

Portnoy, V., Y. Benyamini, E. Bar, R. Harel-Beja, S. Gepstein, J.J. Giovannoni, A.A. Joseph Burger, Y. Tadmor, E. Lewinsohn, and N. Katzir. 2008. The molecular and biochemical basis for varietal variation in sesquiterpene content in melon (CucumismeloL.) rinds. Plant Mol. Biol. 66:647–661.

Shahidul Islam, M., T. Matsui, and Y. Yoshida. 1996. Effect of carbon dioxide enrichment on physico-chemical and enzymatic changes in tomato fruits at various stages of maturity. Sci. Hort. 65:137-149.

Soltani, F., Y. Akashi, A. Kashi, Z. Zamani, Y. Mostofi, and K. Kato. 2010. Characterization of Iranian melon landraces of Cucumismelo L. Groups Flexuosusand Dudaim by analysis of morphological characters and random amplified polymorphic DNA. Breed. Sci. 60:34–45.

Raghami, M., A.I. Lopez-Sese, M.R. Hasandokht, Z. Zamani, M.R. FattahiMoghadam, and A. Kashi. 2014. Genetic diversity among melon accessions from Iran and their relationships with melon germplasm of diverse origins using microsatellite markers. Plant Syst. Evol. 300:139-151.

Vallone, S., H. Sivertsen, G.E. Anthon, D.M. Barrett, E.J. Mitcham, S.E. Ebeler, and F. Zakharov. 2013. An integrated approach for flavour quality evaluation in muskmelon (Cucumis melo L. reticulatus group) during ripening. Food Chem. 139:171–183.

Yamaguchi, M., D.L. Hughes, K. Yabumoto, and W.G. Jennings. 1977. Quality of cantaloupe muskmelons: Variability and attributes. Sci. Hort. 6:59–70.